Abstracts

قيمت مقاله الكترونيكي: 
1500تومان

Paradise as a Common Concept to the Qur'an and the Bible

 

Azadeh Abbasi / Assistant Professor of the Qur'an and Hadith Sciences, Shahr-e Rey (College of Tehran)          Abbasi.a@qhu.ac.ir

Received: 2017/09/06 - Accepted: 2018/02/18

 

Abstract

According to the teachings of divine religions, people's life continues after death. Although the belief in resurrection physical or spiritual is considered as one of the important pillars of divine religions, the attitude to the way of life in the hereafter is different.  As one of the important constituents of the life in the hereafter, paradise is one of the doctrines about which Islam and Christianity have a lot in common. Paradise is the abode in which the righteous are admitted. Although divine religions explicitly mention the high position of paradise, they do not say what its place look like. There are many differences of opinion about the issue of marriage in paradise. Although, have a lot in common about Adam and Eve's paradise divine religions, there are many different of opinion between them about what is looks like. This research seeks to discuss the similarities and differences of opinion between Islam and Christianity about paradise. The dubious idea which the presented paradise in the Qur'an is consistent with the desire and lust of era of revelation is rejected.

 

Key words: divine religions, Islam, Christianity, paradise, blessings of paradise.


The Authority of the Sources
of Christian Theology: the Basis and Scope

 

Muhammad Haghani Fazl / Ph.D. Student PhD Student of Comparative Studies on Religions, the University of Religions and Denominations                                                                                                                     mohamadhaghani@gmail.com

Ahmad Reza Mefatah URD / Associate Professor University of Religions And Denominations

Received: 2017/05/01 - Accepted: 2017/10/07                                                     meftah555@gmail.com

 

Abstract

One of the questions which have been the special of Christian as well as the followers of the other religions is what reference source should be used to understand the idea of faith and formulate theological teachings? An investigation into Christian's works shows that they use four sources to expound and establish their doctrines and teachings, the Bible, tradition, intellect and experience. But theses reference sources do not have the same status among the different groups, and the degree of the credibility and authority of each source is different. A study of Christian theology shows that the position of each in theological system is determined by the relationship of that source with divine illumination. For instance, Christian's belief that there is a special relationship between the Bible and divine illumination has led them to have this holy book as the main source of theology. But, in modern time the Bible is open to criticism and its authority is questioned and so some people consider intellect or experience as the main source of Christian theology. Presenting an account of the position and role of these sources in Christian theology, this paper seeks to explain the basis and scope the authority of these sources.

 

Key words: Christian theology, the Bible, tradition, intellect, experience, authority.


The Authority of the Sources
of Christian Theology: the Basis and Scope

 

Muhammad Haghani Fazl / Ph.D. Student PhD Student of Comparative Studies on Religions, the University of Religions and Denominations                                                                                                                     mohamadhaghani@gmail.com

Ahmad Reza Mefatah URD / Associate Professor University of Religions And Denominations

Received: 2017/05/01 - Accepted: 2017/10/07                                                     meftah555@gmail.com

 

Abstract

One of the questions which have been the special of Christian as well as the followers of the other religions is what reference source should be used to understand the idea of faith and formulate theological teachings? An investigation into Christian's works shows that they use four sources to expound and establish their doctrines and teachings, the Bible, tradition, intellect and experience. But theses reference sources do not have the same status among the different groups, and the degree of the credibility and authority of each source is different. A study of Christian theology shows that the position of each in theological system is determined by the relationship of that source with divine illumination. For instance, Christian's belief that there is a special relationship between the Bible and divine illumination has led them to have this holy book as the main source of theology. But, in modern time the Bible is open to criticism and its authority is questioned and so some people consider intellect or experience as the main source of Christian theology. Presenting an account of the position and role of these sources in Christian theology, this paper seeks to explain the basis and scope the authority of these sources.

 

Key words: Christian theology, the Bible, tradition, intellect, experience, authority.


The Authority of the Sources
of Christian Theology: the Basis and Scope

 

Muhammad Haghani Fazl / Ph.D. Student PhD Student of Comparative Studies on Religions, the University of Religions and Denominations                                                                                                                     mohamadhaghani@gmail.com

Ahmad Reza Mefatah URD / Associate Professor University of Religions And Denominations

Received: 2017/05/01 - Accepted: 2017/10/07                                                     meftah555@gmail.com

 

Abstract

One of the questions which have been the special of Christian as well as the followers of the other religions is what reference source should be used to understand the idea of faith and formulate theological teachings? An investigation into Christian's works shows that they use four sources to expound and establish their doctrines and teachings, the Bible, tradition, intellect and experience. But theses reference sources do not have the same status among the different groups, and the degree of the credibility and authority of each source is different. A study of Christian theology shows that the position of each in theological system is determined by the relationship of that source with divine illumination. For instance, Christian's belief that there is a special relationship between the Bible and divine illumination has led them to have this holy book as the main source of theology. But, in modern time the Bible is open to criticism and its authority is questioned and so some people consider intellect or experience as the main source of Christian theology. Presenting an account of the position and role of these sources in Christian theology, this paper seeks to explain the basis and scope the authority of these sources.

 

Key words: Christian theology, the Bible, tradition, intellect, experience, authority.


The Authority of the Sources
of Christian Theology: the Basis and Scope

 

Muhammad Haghani Fazl / Ph.D. Student PhD Student of Comparative Studies on Religions, the University of Religions and Denominations                                                                                                                     mohamadhaghani@gmail.com

Ahmad Reza Mefatah URD / Associate Professor University of Religions And Denominations

Received: 2017/05/01 - Accepted: 2017/10/07                                                     meftah555@gmail.com

 

Abstract

One of the questions which have been the special of Christian as well as the followers of the other religions is what reference source should be used to understand the idea of faith and formulate theological teachings? An investigation into Christian's works shows that they use four sources to expound and establish their doctrines and teachings, the Bible, tradition, intellect and experience. But theses reference sources do not have the same status among the different groups, and the degree of the credibility and authority of each source is different. A study of Christian theology shows that the position of each in theological system is determined by the relationship of that source with divine illumination. For instance, Christian's belief that there is a special relationship between the Bible and divine illumination has led them to have this holy book as the main source of theology. But, in modern time the Bible is open to criticism and its authority is questioned and so some people consider intellect or experience as the main source of Christian theology. Presenting an account of the position and role of these sources in Christian theology, this paper seeks to explain the basis and scope the authority of these sources.

 

Key words: Christian theology, the Bible, tradition, intellect, experience, authority.


The Authority of the Sources
of Christian Theology: the Basis and Scope

 

Muhammad Haghani Fazl / Ph.D. Student PhD Student of Comparative Studies on Religions, the University of Religions and Denominations                                                                                                                     mohamadhaghani@gmail.com

Ahmad Reza Mefatah URD / Associate Professor University of Religions And Denominations

Received: 2017/05/01 - Accepted: 2017/10/07                                                     meftah555@gmail.com

 

Abstract

One of the questions which have been the special of Christian as well as the followers of the other religions is what reference source should be used to understand the idea of faith and formulate theological teachings? An investigation into Christian's works shows that they use four sources to expound and establish their doctrines and teachings, the Bible, tradition, intellect and experience. But theses reference sources do not have the same status among the different groups, and the degree of the credibility and authority of each source is different. A study of Christian theology shows that the position of each in theological system is determined by the relationship of that source with divine illumination. For instance, Christian's belief that there is a special relationship between the Bible and divine illumination has led them to have this holy book as the main source of theology. But, in modern time the Bible is open to criticism and its authority is questioned and so some people consider intellect or experience as the main source of Christian theology. Presenting an account of the position and role of these sources in Christian theology, this paper seeks to explain the basis and scope the authority of these sources.

 

Key words: Christian theology, the Bible, tradition, intellect, experience, authority.


The Authority of the Sources
of Christian Theology: the Basis and Scope

 

Muhammad Haghani Fazl / Ph.D. Student PhD Student of Comparative Studies on Religions, the University of Religions and Denominations                                                                                                                     mohamadhaghani@gmail.com

Ahmad Reza Mefatah URD / Associate Professor University of Religions And Denominations

Received: 2017/05/01 - Accepted: 2017/10/07                                                     meftah555@gmail.com

 

Abstract

One of the questions which have been the special of Christian as well as the followers of the other religions is what reference source should be used to understand the idea of faith and formulate theological teachings? An investigation into Christian's works shows that they use four sources to expound and establish their doctrines and teachings, the Bible, tradition, intellect and experience. But theses reference sources do not have the same status among the different groups, and the degree of the credibility and authority of each source is different. A study of Christian theology shows that the position of each in theological system is determined by the relationship of that source with divine illumination. For instance, Christian's belief that there is a special relationship between the Bible and divine illumination has led them to have this holy book as the main source of theology. But, in modern time the Bible is open to criticism and its authority is questioned and so some people consider intellect or experience as the main source of Christian theology. Presenting an account of the position and role of these sources in Christian theology, this paper seeks to explain the basis and scope the authority of these sources.

 

Key words: Christian theology, the Bible, tradition, intellect, experience, authority.