The Methodology of Allameh Balaghi in Volume 1 of the book "Al-Rahla Al-Madrasiyyah wa Al-Madrasa Al-Sayyarah FiNahj al-Huda" (studies in the Torah and the Bible)

Elahe Hadian Rasanani / Assistant Professor of Quran Department, Quran University and Hadith

Elham Zeinalpour / Master of Quranic and Hadith Sciences, Quran and Hadith University

Received: 2019/06/21 - Accepted: 2019/11/28



Allameh Mohammad Javad Balaghi is one of the prominent religious scholars of the 13th (lunar) century who has written many works to defend Islam and Shiism. "Al-Rahla Al-Madrasiyyah" is among his great works which was written in a new style in the form of drama-like dialogues of which only two incomplete and weak translations have been done, so far. A methodical study of this work shows that Allamah has mastery of various techniques. Allameh's method in volume 1 of this book, which deals with discussions about the Torah and the Bible, follows three methods: "critical reflection on the Old and New Testaments ", "comparing the Old and New Testaments with the Qur'an" and "using of Qur'anic discourse methods ". Among these discussions are: criticism of the source and content Old and New Testaments the; the differences and inaccuracy of their translations and versions, and the erroneous judgments of the Old and New Testaments and the many historical and geographical mistakes they contain. When the Old and New Testaments are compared with the Quran three major issues including the unity of God, prophet hood, the resurrection are referred to as Quranic in contrast with many of the teachings of the Old and New Testaments which of the are incompatible with the logic of reason and the Revelation in these areas, because oftheir not relying on the Revelation. The most important technique of the book is the use of Qur'anic discourse methods (philosophic reasoning, good exhortation and the best dialectics) in addressing the audience the subject with which this study is concered.


Keywords: Allama Balaghi, Al-Rahla Al-Madrasiyyah, the Old and New Testaments, the Torah and the Bible.


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