قرآن

A comparative Study of the Method of Interpretation in Islam and Christianity

Mohammad Husain Ahmadi / Assistant Professor, Quranic and Hadith Sciences, Tehran University    ahmadi_mh@ut.ac.ir
Received: 2019/08/26 - Accepted: 2020/02/01

شماره مجله: 
46
شماره صفحه: 
21

A Comparative Study of God's Conditioned Promise to the Children of Israel Concerning the Holy Land the View of in the Qur'an and the Old Testament

Elahe Hadian Rasnani / Assistant Professor of Quran Department, Quran University and Hadith

hadian.e@qhu.ac.ir

Received: 2019/06/23 - Accepted: 2019/12/11

 

Abstract

The Holy Qur'an considers that the fulfillment of the promise of handing over the Holy Land to the Children of Israel is conditioned by their obedience and servitude to God, patience and righteousness. In other words, this promise is conditioned by the commitment of the Children of Israel to their covenants and promises and their obedience to the divine commands. Because the Children of Israel had not fulfilled of these the mentioned conditions and the had not obeyed the divine commands, this God’s promise (ownership and being successors) was not fulfilled except in a limited period that is, (the period of Prophet David and Prophet Solomon) and their claim on the land in later periods was unlawful. This explanation of the Holy Qur'an is contrasted to that of the Torah, despite the reports of the many instances of disobedience of the Children of Israel and the wrath of God in various times, at the way they behaved and the many cases of their breach of covenants and breaking of promises, still suggests that the Children of Israel are the ultimately the ownership of the Holy Land.

 

Key words: holy land, God's conditioned promise, Israel, the Qur'an, the Old Testament.

 


 

شماره مجله: 
44
شماره صفحه: 
67

A Review of the Infallibility of Prophet Yusuf in Imammiya Narrations Based on the Qur'an and the Old Testament

Hossein Naghavi / Assistant Professor, Department of Religions, Imam Khomeini Educational and Research Institute                                                                                                                                          naqavi@iki.ac.ir

Received: 2019/11/20 - Accepted: 2020/04/12

 

Abstract

The life history of divine prophets has in some cases been distorted and incorrect narrations and myths have been presented. Using a collectivist approach, this study seeks to examine the Imamiyah view of the infallibility of Prophet Yusuf based on their narrations to prove the infallibility of Prophet Yusuf by resting on the Qur'an and compare the view of the Qur’an with that of the Old Testament. Considering this aspect and the other aspects in the subject of discussion, this study is considered novel and are different from other similar works. Since intellectual proofs have priority over transmitted narrations and the infallibility of the prophets has been confirmed also proved by intellectual proofs, Qur’nic verses and the narrations identical to them that of some cite to support the supposing that Prophet Yusuf is not infallible has been reviewed. The idea of attributing four sins to Prophet Yusuf by referring to the verses 23, 24, 42, 70, 99 and 100, respectively, i.e. the intention of committing, adultery, invoking other than God, lying and not showing due respect to father is rejected by this article, all the accusations against Prophet Yusuf have been dismissed.

 

Key words: infallibility, the Quran, Imamiyah narrations, the Old Testament.

 


 

شماره مجله: 
44
شماره صفحه: 
33

The Moral Attitude towards Dissidents from the Perspective of Shiite Commentaries with Emphasis on the Qur’anic Verse 83 in the Surah of Cow

Seyed Hamed Alizadeh Mousavi / PhD in Comparative Studies in Religions, University of Religions and Doctrines                                                                                                                     hamed.moosavi2@gmail.com

Received: 2019/09/25 - Accepted: 2020/02/17

 

Abstract

The Qur'an contains many moral teachings. According to these moral teachings, Muslims must behave morally towards others or they are warned from behaving immorally. The moral obligations in the Qur'an are either imposed on a specific group such as believers and Muslims or on the people in general. This study tries to examine these moral obligations and it refers to Shiite Quran commentaries to identify, the scope of these obligations and the group of people and others wherever a command is given to behave morally towards people and others, is and it tries to answer the question whether the moral teachings of Islam are imposed on the people in general and include the dissents or on specific group of people. Among the verses to which the commentators refer when dealing with this question is the verse 83 in Surah Cow. This study seeks to examines the views of the commentators by emphasizing on this verse.

 

Key words: moral attitude, dissident, moral teachings, the Quran, Shiite Qur’an commentaries.

 


 

شماره مجله: 
44
شماره صفحه: 
7

The Qura'nic View about the Doctrine of the Resurrection in Judaism and the Reason for not funding in the Torah

Seyed Mohammad Hajati Shooraki / PhD Student in Religions and Mysticism, Imam Khomeini Educational and Research Institute

Hossein Naghavi / Assistant Professor of Religious Group, Imam Khomeini Educational and Research Institute

Received: 2019/06/30 - Accepted: 2019/11/28

 

Abstract

Qura'nic verses show that "the resurrection" is mentioned in the Torah, but there os notrace of it in exiting Torah. In addition to the scientific study about the Qura'nic view about doctrine of the resurrection in Judaism, this paper analyzes why the resurrection is not mentioned in the current Torah, and advances various explanations why the resurrection is not mentioned in this way , and then expresses the view it support. According to the held view, the Torah is a title for the Old Testament and all the books that are the sacred text of Judaism. The chosen view considers the Torah as a title for the Old Testament and all the books that are considered as sacred texts in Judaism, However, they are not part of the Old Testament nor declared as first-class Apocrypha and Pseudepigrapha. A brief review of some of these texts shows that there is a trace of the resurrection is found in them. Consequently, with the held view hopes are high that what the Qur'an attributes to the Torah but does not exist in the Old Testament can be found in Apocrypha and pseudepigrapha.

 

Keywords: the resurrection, Judaism, the Qur'an, the Torah, Apocrypha and Pseudepigrapha.


 

شماره مجله: 
42
شماره صفحه: 
7

A Comparative Study of the Story of Saul (Talut) in the Quran and the Old Testament

Delara Nemati Pirali / Associate Professor, Karaj Islamic Azad University delara.nemati@kiau.ac.ir

Received: 2018/08/08 - Accepted: 2018/12/19

 

Abstract

A comparative study of the story of Saul in two holy texts of the Quran and the Old Testament represents a closer look at these two texts. The criterion of the adaptability of this story in two texts is sanctity, common themes, and the structural and educational differences between the two texts. The scope of this adaptation is the story of the Saul, which has been stated in 6 verses of the second Chapter of the Holy Quran and 654 verses of the Old Testament in 23 Chapters of Samuel 1. The similarities and differences between the two texts are based on two aspects of the literary structure and the intellectual system of the story. Some of the literary components used in two texts, such as the way of expression, the geography of the story, and the ways of characterizing the main character of the story, and using coherent expressions to increase the cognitive and educational messages are comparatively investigated. The findings show that, there is a coherent literary structure and precise characterization, modeling, and cognitive messages in the story of Saul in the Quran. There are also similarities between the intellectual system and the religious foundations of these two texts, but the cognitive effects of the Saul story in the Quran are deeper, more accurate, and more correct in the field of theology. One can say that the logical necessity of the structural and the content superiority of the story of Saul in the Quran is that the Holy Quran contains non-distorted Divine teachings and did not adapt the Bible's common themes.

Keywords: Talut story, Saul, comparative study, Quran, Old Testament.


 

شماره مجله: 
37
شماره صفحه: 
7

The Reflection of the Bible's Narrations in the Qur'an from the Perspective of Angelika Neuwirth: A Case Study of the Prophet Moses (AS)

@ Seyyed Hamed Alizadeh Mousavi / PhD in Comparative Studies of Religions, the University of Religions and Denominations                                                                                                             hamed.moosavi2@gmail.com

Mehrab Sadeghinia / Assistant Professor at the Department of Abrahamic Religious Studies, the University of Religions and Denominations

Mohammad Javad Eskandarlou / Assistant Professor of Jame’at Al-Mustafa Al-Alamiyah

Received: 2018/11/26 - Accepted: 2019/04/14

 

Abstract

The relationship between the Qur'an and the Bible is one of the topics that has always been of interest to the Orientalists and the Qur'anic scholars. Meanwhile, Angelika Neuwirth has provided a perspective which is different from that of her predecessors. From the perspective of Angelika Neuwirth, the Biblical narrations have been reflected in the Qur'an in various ways, all of which are due to the epistemic context in which the Qur'an was revealed. Neuwirth has called this epistemic context Late Antiquity, which has inherited many of the theological and religious teachings of the antiquity, and the Qur’an, as an oral and dynamic collection, has been interacting and debating with these traditions. The story of Moses is one of the issues that Neuwirth has examined, and has attempted to explain her point of view in the form of case studies. This paper tries to examine the viewpoint of Neuwirth in studying the story of Moses. The reflection of Bible narratives without its influence on the Quran is a view that can be obtained from the study of Angelika Neuwirth's research.

Keywords: Angelika Neuwirth, the Qur'an, the Bible, reflection, Late antiquity.


 

شماره مجله: 
38
شماره صفحه: 
25

A Comparative Study of Logos in Christianity and the Word in the Quran

Alireza Farhang Qahfarkhi / PhD Student of Comparative Studies of Religions, URD

                                                                                                                           al.re.farhang@gmail.com

Saeed Binaee Motlagh / Associate Professor, Tehran University

Received: 2018/10/21 - Accepted: 2019/03/04

 

Abstract

There are similar Biblical and theological concepts and terms in Islam and Christianity, whose semantic coincidence needs an in-depth analysis. Logos in Christianity and the Word in the Quran are among these terms that considering the philosophical background and theological application of Logos, appear to have no common meaning, while the original texts of both religions reveal a semantic relationship, although they may not be exactly the same. This comparative study provides a deeper understanding of the sacred texts of both religions. Both in the Quran and in the New Testament, there is a tangible relationship between the Word and the "Holy Spirit" or the "Sprirt". The Holy Spirit establishes an interconnected relationship between the world of Divine Command and the world of creation. All the destinies of creation are documented in the Divine world, all of which are in the form of the Word, and the "Sprirt" is able to pass through a cosmic domain and act in the other cosmic dominion through the heavenly brokers (angels and other means).

 

Keywords: Logos, Word, Quran, Christ, Holy Spirit.

 

شماره مجله: 
39
شماره صفحه: 
75

The Relationship of Global Governance and Waiting Based on the Quran, Narrations and the New Testament

Fatemeh Khodajouyan / Assisstant Professor of Religions and Mysticism, University of Islamic Denominations                                        &nbs

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