The Ontology of the Problem of Evil in Hinduism and Islam and their Attitude towards the Cosmological Implications of the Problem of Evil

Amir Samdaliri/ MA Student of Religious Studies at Imam Khomeini Educational and Research Institute
*  Seyyed Akbar Hosseini Qal’eh Bahman / Assistant Professor and Faculty Member at Imam Khomeini Educational and Research Institute       akbar.hosseini37@yahoo.com
Received: 2020/12/08 - Accepted: 2021/04/11

Abstract
The attitude of different religions and creeds towards the issue of evil is a topic that can be analyzed and studied in theological discussions. The semantic analysis of the concept of evil and the ontological analysis of evil-doer on the one hand, and the study of the cosmological, theological, anthropological, and moral implications of accepting the existence of evil in the universe on the other, are significant subjects. Using the comparative method, this article first deals with the ontological analysis of evil in Islam and Hinduism and then examines the cosmological implications of accepting the existence of evil in these two religions. In Hinduism, "Evil" is equivalent to suffering, and in Islam it is a type of secondary philosophical intelligible that is abstracted from the observation of the negative relationship of one phenomenon and existence with the perfect existence and another phenomenon. Accordingly, Islam and Hinduism affirm the existence of evil in the universe. In terms of cosmological implications, they both have an optimistic view of evil ultimately.
Keywords: Islam, Hinduism, evil, suffering, cosmological implications, optimism, pessimism.
 

شماره مجله: 
49
شماره صفحه: 
33