A Comparative Study of the Theory of Normative Ethics in the Holy Qur'an and the New Testament


Seyyedeh Masoumeh Shahmiri / PhD Student Department of the Qur'an and Hadith, Islamic Azad University, Qum Branch.                                   mshahmiry@yahoo.com
Received: 2020/11/23 - Accepted: 2021/03/25

The theory of "value" is undoubtedly the most important element in any moral system. On the other hand, in today's world, the religion-based moral system is regarded as perfect. As two authoritative sources in Islam and Christianity, the Holy Qur'an and the New Testament have also provided many teachings in this regard. These two main religious sources have taken a teleological and perfectionist approach to the theory of value, in the sense that they both strive for the liberation and salvation of man. The difference is that the New Testament considers liberation from the original sin and the return of man to his first place, but the Holy Qur'an considers liberation from the world and approach to God and the attainment of a higher position. The New Testament also takes into account the worldly gifts and finally the kingdom of the heavens, whereas the Holy Qur'an considers the worldly and otherworldly rewards.
Keywords: the Holy Qur'an, New Testament, theory of value, teleology, perfectionism.


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