The Imminency of the Rule of God in the Bible and the Quran

Somayyeh Panahi / Ph.D. Student in Comparative Interpretation, University of Qom

s.panahe@gmail.com

Ja’far Nekounam / Associate Professor, Qom University

Received: 2019/05/05 - Accepted: 2019/09/28

 

Abstract

One of the central and common themes of the Quran and the Testaments is the rule of God, meaning that in the apocalypse the rule of the world will be absolutely that of God, in which the righteous and the wicked will be punished. The subject of this article is the imminent rule of God and what it means. In this article, while reporting on the Quran and the Bible, the theories that have been interpreted in such a way are reviewed and criticized. There are six theories or probabilities in the history of the interpretation of the "imminent rule of God": first, it is true and it has precise timing. The second theory is that while this is true, the timing cannot be determined. The third theory also emphasized the fact that the news was true, but it was stated that due to the lack of readiness of the people, the timing of God's rule was constantly delayed. The fourth theory is also based on the fact that the news is true; but, contrary to the first three, it considers it spiritual. In the fifth theory, the imminent news of God's rule is merely a motive for moral living. In the sixth theory, the establishment of God's rule is considered to be hopeful. Of these, the second is the most popular and accepted view of followers of the Abrahamic religions. The research method used in the present study is comparative and historical, meaning that the themes of the imminent reign of God in the Old Testament and the New Testament as well as the Quran are studied and compared historically. The approach of this research is phenomenological.

 

Keywords: The Rule of God, The Kingdom of God, The Hour, The Resurrection.